|9 Spiritan Communities:|
|1778||Departure from Le Havre for Cayenne (Guyane) of MM. Bertout (the future restorer of the Congregation) and de Clicourt, but they are ship-wrecked off the coast of Senegal (near St. Louis) on July 13th. As a result of this "accident", St. Louis is confided to the Spiritans shortly afterwards. (C.S.Sp. 1778-04-14)|
|1779||L'Abbé Glicourt (Spiritan) is made Prefect Apostolic of Saint-Louis in Senegal. (Mauritania 1779-01-18)|
|1779||The creation of the Prefecture Apostolic of Saint-Louis after the town had been re-taken by the French. Fr. Deglicourt was appointed as the first Pre-fect. He was joined by Frs. Saveur and Guyot as the Seminaire du Saint-Esprit had the responsibility of providing priests. (Senegal 1779-01-27)|
|1819||Arrival of 7 Sisters of Saint Joseph of Cluny for the hospital of Saint-Louis as well as 2 Senegalese priests sent by the Seminaire du Saint-Esprit. (Senegal 1819-03-19)|
|1822||Arrival of M"re Anne-Marie Javouhey in Senegal. She immediately begins working for vocations and in 1827, three future priests set out for studies in Paris: Frs. Moussa, Fridoil and Boilat. (Senegal 1822-01-22)|
|1831||The island of Gorée becomes a centre for the struggle against slavery. (Senegal 1831-01-11)|
|1838||L'Abbé Lambert of the Seminaire du Saint-Esprit is sent to the island of Gorée as parish priest. He writes the first catechism in the Wolof language; it will be used to great profit seven years later by Libermann's missionaries. (Senegal 1838-04-26)|
|1840||The first Senegalese priests are ordained in Paris by Mgr. Cuely, the Bishop of Carcassone: les Abbés Moussa, Fridoil and Boilat. Their early formation is directed by Mère Javouhey in Senegal; the final two years are spent at the Seminaire du Saint-Esprit in Paris. (Senegal 1840-09-19)|
|1842||Mgr. Barron arrives in Monrovia with his two American companions, John Kelly and Denis Pindar. They reach Cap des Palmes on January 31, 1842. (Senegal 1842-01-25)|
|1845||Land is bought for the mission of Dakar (on the site of the present town hall). As it is on the mainland and not on the island of Gorée, it is outside the jurisdiction of the Priests of the Holy Spirit. (Senegal 1845-12-18)|
|1846||The first Mass is celebrated on the pen-insular of Dakar. The Spiritans leave the honour of presiding to M. Arlabosse, Vice-Prefect of Saint-Louis and the homily is given by L'abbé Boilat, one of three first three Senegalese priests. (Senegal 1846-02-15)|
|1846||Père Gravière, the new Prefect Apostolic, lands at Gorée. A junior seminary is opened, following the instructions of Père Libermann. (The first Prefect was Père Tisserant, shipwrecked on 07.12.1845). (Senegambia 1846-06-18)|
|1846||Mgr. Truffet is appointed the first Vicar Apostolic of the Deux Guinées (and the first bishop of Libermann's new society). He is ordained at Notre Dame des Victoires in Paris on January 25th, 1847 and arrives at Gorée on May 5th. (Deux Guinées 1846-09-22)|
|1847||Mgr. Truffet, the first Vicar Apostolic of the Deux Guinées, arrives at Goré (Senegal). He dies the same year at Dakar on November 23rd. (Deux Guinées 1847-05-05)|
|1848||Date of a letter from Libermann to Eliman, the King of Dakar, after the death of Mgr. Truffet. In it he says, "I have given my heart en-tirely to the Africans". (St-Coeur de Marie 1848-01-26)|
|1849||The mission of Our Lady of Gambia is started. (Senegal 1849-01-18)|
|1849||Arrival at Gorée of Mgr. Bessieux (Vicar Apostolic of the Deux-Guinées) and his coadjutor, Mgr. Kob"s. After a few weeks, Mgr. Bessieux moves on to Gabon. (Senegal 1849-03-15)|
|1850||The foundation of St. Joseph de Ngasobil, destined to become the bishop's house, the centre for workshops for the development of the area and, subsequently, a seminary. Mgr. Kobes welcomes the refugees fleeing from the wars of Saloum and attempts to introduce the cultivation of cotton. A combination of locusts and drought brings the experiment to an end. (Senegal 1850-01-07)|
|1852||Mgr. Bessieux lives for two years at Dakar, from which he administers both the Vicariats of the Deux Guinées (Gabon) and Senegambia (Dakar) after Mgr. Kob's, his coadjutor, has returned to France. (Deux Guinées 1852-05-21)|
|1855||Jean Lacombe from Senegal is accepted as a novice by Mgr. Kob"s at Dakar. He does his noviciate at Monsivry in France. (Deux Guinées 1855-05-10)|
|1857||Admiral Protet installs the first French troops at Dakar, more than 10 years after the arrival of the first missionaries in the Cap Vert peninsular. (Senegal 1857-04-13)|
|1857||Père Jean Lacombe makes his profession at rue Lhomond, Paris. Born of a Fulani mother at Gorée, he had been ordained priest by Mgr. Kob"s in 1852. He becomes the first Spiritan from Senegambia. (Senegambia 1857-12-20)|
|1863||The Vicariate of the Two Guineas is divided in two. Mgr. Kobès becomes the first bishop of Senegambia. (Senegambia 1863-02-06)|
|1864||Bishop Kob"s ordains Guillaume Jouga, the first Senegalese priest to be trained entirely in the country. (Senegambia 1864-07-31)|
|1865||Mgr. Kob"s founds the Congregation of the Brothers of Saint Joseph at Ngazobil. He is regarded as the real founder of the Church of Sénégambia. (Senegal 1865-03-03)|
|1882||Ordination of Père Simon Fall at Ngazobil by Mgr. Duboin. He is the first Spiritan from Senegal. (Senegal 1882-06-03)|
|1901||Mgr. Kunemann is ordained bishop by Mgr. Le Roy on Pentecost Sunday. The Vicariat now has 35 Spiritans priests and 22 brothers, 6 Senegambian seculars, and 127 sisters from different congregations. There are 20 mission stations in all. (Senegal 1901-05-26)|
|1902||Mgr. Kunnemann ordains l'Abbé Sané Sonko in Saint-Louis, the 10th. priest from the semi-nary in Senegal. (Senegal 1902-03-29)|
|1903||Daniel Brottier arrives at Saint-Louis. He starts several new pastoral initiatives- work with young people, a youth band, conferences and cinema. He also starts the first francophone African newspaper in 1906, entitled "L'Echo de Saint-Louis". (Senegal 1903-11-27)|
|1908||Shipwreck of the "Saint-Joseph" between Ngazobil and Dakar, resulting in the death of Bishop Alphonse Kunnemann, Vicar Apostolic of Senegal (1901-1908). (Senegal 1908-03-20)|
|1919||As soon as the war is over, Mgr. Jalabert contacts Père Daniel Brottier in Paris to re-launch the plan, first formulated in 1912, to build a cathedral for Dakar in memory of all the dead of francophone Africa. (Senegal 1919-05-07)|
|1920||The "Afrique", after leaving Bordeaux on January 9 with 599 persons on board, is ship-wrecked off the coast of the Ile de Ré in France, with the loss of Mgr. Jalabert and 20 missionaries. Com-ing soon after the loss of so many confreres in the First World War, this new disaster makes the already critical personnel situation even worse. (Senegal 1920-01-12)|
|1947||Mgr. Marcel Lefebvre is appointed Vicar Apostolic of Dakar. He invites many congregations to join in the work: White Fathers, Marists, Sacred Heart of Issoudun, Maronites, Presentation Sisters, Carmelites etc. There is a great increase in parishes both at Dakar and in the interior. (Senegal 1947-06-12)|
|1950||Mgr. Georges Guibert becomes the aux-iliary of Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre at Dakar. Since October 23, 1948, the latter had also been Apostolic Delegate for French Africa. (Senegal 1950-02-19)|
|1951||The Senior Seminary (Libermann) is transferred from Popenguine to Sebikhotane; the students are from various diocese in Senegal and a few from Guinée Conakry. (Senegal 1951-11-01)|
|1955||Establishment of the hierarchy in French Africa. On September 14, 1955, Mgr. Levebvre be-comes the first Archbishop of Dakar. Henceforth, the local Church is responsible for the mission; the Con-gregation no longer has specific areas confided to it. (Senegal 1955-02-13)|
|1955||The Apostolic Prefecture of Saint-Louis regains its autonomy under Mgr. Landreau on January 28th, 1955. The boundaries are re-drawn, but it retains jurisdiction over Mauritania. Gorée is attached again to Dakar. (Senegal 1955-11-18)|
|1957||Prefecture of Kaolack established and confided to the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart. (Senegal 1957-01-21)|
|1958||Dakar replaces Saint-Louis as the capital of Senegal. (Senegal 1958-03-27)|
|1969||The Spiritans in Dakar, Senegal, start a centre for the Mandjaque people who have come to the city. This eventually results in the founding of stations at Bajob (1979) and Caio (1988) in Mandjaque country in Guinée Bissau. Later, the Spiritans will take on a parish in the outskirts of the capital, Bissau. (Guinée Bissau 1969-08-21)|
|1970||Père Clément Cailleau becomes the first Prefect Apostolic of Tambacounda. Eastern Senegal is again confided to the Spiritans until it is made into a diocese in 1989. (Senegal 1970-08-02)|
|1974||Mgr. Pierre Sagna is appointed the second bishop of Saint-Louis. He succeeds Mgr. Prosper Dodds. (Senegal 1974-12-19)|
|1979||Six Superiors of West African circumscriptions establish the Foundation at Dakar Senegal: the Superiors of The Gambia, Senegal, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Makurdi and Kwara-Benue. Fr. John Hogan (Irish Province) is appointed the first Director. (West African Foundation 1979-04-25)|
|1980||From the beginning, the Foundation is both English and French-speaking. At the noviciate in Bwiam in the Gambia, in 1980, there are 6 novices from Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal. Later, Senegal reverts to the Central African Foundation, so the WAF Superiors decide to make the Foundation anglophone at their meeting in 1982. (West African Foundation 1980-11-02)|
|1982||The Foundation has its first Director in March 1982; Fr Peter Newman (Irish Province) takes up the responsibility of Director from the Superiors of Senegal and the Gambia who have been entrusted with the special responsibility to care for the Foundation by the initial 1979 meeting. The first group of pro-fessed students moves to Isienu, Nigeria, for philoso-phy studies. (W.A.F. 1982-03-02)|
|1984||The West African Superiors meet in Dakar with a representative of the General Council: the WAF and the Nigerian Province will have a common theologate in Enugu, Nigeria, projected to open in 1986; the noviciate will open in Ghana in 1986; philosophy will be done at Isienu in Nigeria until the WAF philosophicum is ready in Ghana. (West African Foundation 1984-04-07)|
|1995||The 5th Enlarged General Council is held at Dakar in Senegal. There are 51 Spiritans present. (C.S.Sp. 1995-05-07)|
Of note at this forum is the youthfulness of most of the participants with a good representation from sub-Saharan Africa, many of whom are recent arrivals at their places of mission. This highlights the importance the Congregation attaches to interreligious dialogue: it continues to find within itself the personnel that will enable it to be consistent with its missionary priorities.
Fr. Marc Whelan, Provincial of Ireland, explains the reasons behind the meeting held in Rome (June 1-2, 2018).
The Archbishop of Owerri has given us an interview on May 9, 2018. He speaks about the contribution of the Spiritans to the history of the Church in his country, and about the meaning of their presence now.
Fr. John Dimba was born in Mozambique in 1969. During the civil war, like millions of other people, had to flee the country. It was in a refugee camp that he met the spiritans and was attracted by their simple lifestyle and their service to the poor. Today, he is a spiritan and believes that…
Cardinal Fernando Filoni, Prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelisation of Peoples, has informed our Superior General, Fr. John Fogarty, that Pope Francis has decided to put an end to the status of Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon as a Vicariate Apostolic. From the 1st of March 2018 the islands will be incorporated into the diocese of La Rochelle. The Pope has made this decision so as to adapt the islands to the present pastoral situation.
Spiritan Justice, Peace, Integrity of Creation and InterReligious Dialogue Newsletter featuring: Spiritans: Advocates in Mission | Vivat: Nigeria Workshop 2017 | Workshop in the Dem. Rep. of Congo | Global Water Crisis: Duquesne | Testimony from Algeria | Better Christians/Muslims relations: Tan-Gaza University College Programme | Pope in Cairo
Talk by Fr. John McFadden, Superior of the General House in Rome, on the 2nd of February 2018.
In December 2017, Jude Nnorom the coordinator of our Spiritan JPIC desk in Rome visited Nyarugusu refugee camp in Tanzania, home to over 140 thousand refugees, from Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo and other countries in Africa.
Our Spiritan mission in Vietnam arose out of a number of circumstances: the presence of vietnamese confreres in the US Province, the interest shown by a local group of religious in Vietnam to join our community, the desire to expand our mission in Asia, the need to search for vocations in new areas.
On 12 December 1977, feastday of Our Lady of Guadeloupe, Patroness of the Philippines, four Spiritans from four different continents, landed in this country. They based themselves in Iligan, in northern Mindanao. There, they began their ministry, in a region where the local Church most needed them.
203 / October / November / December 2017 | 40 Years of Spiritan Presence in Asia: Pakistan / Philippines / Taiwan / Vietnam / India | Rome : Meeting of New Superiors | Brazzaville : Meeting on Solidarity | Chevilly-Larue : Spiritan Studies | Missionary Appointments / Council Decisions
The Spiritans in Portugal have just published a new issue of “Missão Espiritana” dedicated to the late Fr. José Manuel Sabença.
Spiritan Superiors and formators from Africa and the Islands together with representatives from the Generalate in Rome, met for their bi-annual meeting from 22nd until the 27th August 2017, in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo.
Spiritan Justice, Peace, Integrity of Creation and InterReligious Dialogue Newsletter featuring: INTEGRATING PEACEBUILDING IN SPIRITAN MISSION ♦ PEACEBUILDING ECHOES FROM SOUTH SUDAN ♦ A SMALL PEACBUILDING PROJECT IN SIERRA LEONE ♦ PRESENCE AS A HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE AND PEACEBUILDING IN THE MIDST OF WAR ♦ MINISTRIES IN AREAS OF CONFLICT ♦ OUR TIMES: SECULAR AGE OF GOD’S CENTURY
Spiritan Justice, Peace, Integrity of Creation and InterReligious Dialogue Newsletter featuring: GENDER CONTRIBUTIONS TO SPIRITAN JPIC ♦ ALONGSIDE THE OPPRESSED IN GERMANY ♦ LAY SPIRITAN MISSION IN BOLIVIA ♦ WOMEN AND MEN AS EQUAL PARTNERS IN CANADA ♦ WITNESS OF A LAY SPIRITAN IN CAMEROON ♦ INTERRELIGIOUS LIBRARY IN MAURITANIA ♦ THE MARAKESH DECLARATION
We, members of the Congregation of the Holy Spirit, participants in the Enlarged General Council, which took place at the Casa di Esercizia of the Passionists in Rome from 19th June-2nd July 2016, return to our missions with an enormous sense of gratitude.
Spiritan Justice, Peace, Integrity of Creation and InterReligious Dialogue Newsletter featuring: REFLECTIONS ON THE “JUNGLE”
BRIEF OVERVIEW OF ESPACE JARROT; SPIRITAN DIARY FROM NYARUGUSU CAMP; KEEP IT IN THE GROUND: SUMMARY OF THE CONFERENCE OF PARTIES (COP21) IN PARIS 2015; ENCOUNTERING JUDAISM; AEFJN/STAKEHOLDERS RAISE AWARENESS ABOUT LAND GRABBING IN AFRICA; VALUE OF ADVOCACY MINISTRY – VIVAT INTERNATIONAL GENEVA; VIVAT INTERNATIONAL DESK IN GENEVA
Spiritan Justice, Peace, Integrity of Creation and InterReligious Dialogue Newsletter featuring:
Nigeria : Bridging the gap between Christian narrative and social Justice
Heatwaves in Australia
Ireland : Recycling
Spiritan response to a cry after typhoon Sendong in the Philippines
Inter-religious Peacebuilding – Chat with Archbishop Dieudonné Nzapalainga, CSSp
Throughout 1851, Fr. Libermann exchanged a series of letters with Mgr. Kobès, coadjutor to the Vicar Apostolic of the Two Guineas (Mgr. Bessieux). Three months before he died, Libermann wrote a long letter that can be seen as his apostolic and spiritual testament